The purification, crystallization and structural elucidation of dTDP-D-glucose 4,6-dehydratase (RmlB), the second enzyme of the dTDP-L-rhamnose synthesis pathway from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium
Allard STM., Giraud MF., Whitfield C., Messner P., Naismith JH.
dTDP-D-glucose 4,6-dehydratase (RmlB) is the second of four enzymes involved in the dTDP-L-rhamnose pathway and catalyzes the dehydration of dTDP-D-glucose to dTDP-4-keto-6-deoxy-D-glucose. The ultimate product of the pathway, dTDP-L-rhamnose, is the precursor of L-rhamnose, which is a key component of the cell wall of many pathogenic bacteria. RmlB from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium has been overexpressed and purified, and crystals of the enzyme have been grown using the sitting-drop vapour-diffusion technique with lithium sulfate as precipitant. Diffraction data have been obtained to a resolution of 2.8 Å on a single frozen RmlB crystal which belongs to space group P21, with unit-cell parameters a: 111.85, b = 87.77, c = 145.66 Å, β = 131.53°. The asymmetric unit contains four monomers in the form of two RmlB dimers with a solvent content of 62%. A molecular-replacement solution has been obtained and the model is currently being refined.